Module screen

Screen class subset of cairo drawing functions.

see https://www.cairographics.org/tutorial/

Functions

Screen.update_default () copy buffer to screen.
Screen.ping () restart screen saver timer
Screen.update_low_battery () low battery screen update
Screen.aa (state) enable/disable anti-aliasing.
Screen.clear () clear.
Screen.level (value) set level (color/brightness).
Screen.line_width (w) set line width.
Screen.line_cap (style) set line cap style.
Screen.line_join (style) set line join style.
Screen.miter_limit (limit) set miter limit.
Screen.move (x, y) move drawing position.
Screen.move_rel (x, y) move drawing position relative to current position.
Screen.line (x, y) draw line to specified point.
Screen.line_rel (x, y) draw line to specified point relative to current position.
Screen.arc (x, y, r, angle1, angle2) draw arc.
Screen.circle (x, y, r) draw circle.
Screen.rect (x, y, w, h) draw rectangle.
Screen.curve (x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3) draw curve (cubic Bézier spline).
Screen.curve_rel (x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3) draw curve (cubic Bézier spline) relative coordinates.
Screen.close () close current path.
Screen.stroke () stroke current path.
Screen.fill () fill current path.
Screen.text (str) draw text (left aligned).
Screen.text_rotate (x, y, str, degrees) draw text (left aligned) and rotated.
Screen.text_right (str) draw text, right aligned.
Screen.text_center (str) draw text, center aligned.
Screen.text_center_rotate (x, y, str, degrees) draw text, center aligned, and rotated.
Screen.text_extents (str) calculate width of text.
Screen.font_face (index) select font face.
Screen.font_size (size) set font size.
Screen.pixel (x, y) draw single pixel (requires integer x/y, fill afterwards).
Screen.display_png (filename, x, y) display png.
Screen.peek (x, y, w, h) get a rectangle of screen content.
Screen.poke (x, y, w, h, s) set a rectangle of screen content.
Screen.rotate (radians) rotate
Screen.translate (x, y) move origin position
Screen.save () save
Screen.blend_mode (index) change screen blending mode.


Functions

Screen.update_default ()
copy buffer to screen.
Screen.ping ()
restart screen saver timer
Screen.update_low_battery ()
low battery screen update
Screen.aa (state)
enable/disable anti-aliasing.

Parameters:

  • state on(1) or off(0)
Screen.clear ()
clear.
Screen.level (value)
set level (color/brightness).

Parameters:

  • value number 0-15 (0=off, 15=white)
Screen.line_width (w)
set line width.

Parameters:

  • w number line width (in pixels, floats permitted)
Screen.line_cap (style)
set line cap style.

Parameters:

  • style line cap style string ("butt", "round" or "square"). default is "butt".
Screen.line_join (style)
set line join style.

Parameters:

  • style line join style string ("miter", "round" or "bevel"). default is "miter"
Screen.miter_limit (limit)
set miter limit.

Parameters:

  • limit if the current line join style is set to "miter", the miter limit is used to determine whether the lines should be joined with a bevel instead of a miter. if the length of the miter divided by the line width is greater than the miter limit, the style is converted to a bevel. default value 10.
Screen.move (x, y)
move drawing position.

Parameters:

  • x number position x
  • y number position y
Screen.move_rel (x, y)
move drawing position relative to current position.

Parameters:

  • x number relative position x
  • y number relative position y
Screen.line (x, y)
draw line to specified point.

Parameters:

  • x number destination x
  • y number destination y
Screen.line_rel (x, y)
draw line to specified point relative to current position.

Parameters:

  • x number relative destination x
  • y number relative destination y
Screen.arc (x, y, r, angle1, angle2)
draw arc.

Parameters:

  • x number circle center x
  • y number circle center y
  • r number radius
  • angle1 number start angle
  • angle2 number end angle
Screen.circle (x, y, r)
draw circle.

Parameters:

  • x number origin x
  • y number origin y
  • r number radius
Screen.rect (x, y, w, h)
draw rectangle.

Parameters:

  • x number x position
  • y number y position
  • w number width
  • h number height
Screen.curve (x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3)
draw curve (cubic Bézier spline).

Parameters:

  • x1 number destination x
  • y1 number destination y
  • x2 number handle 1 x
  • y2 number handle 1 y
  • x3 number handle 2 x
  • y3 number handle 2 y
Screen.curve_rel (x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3)
draw curve (cubic Bézier spline) relative coordinates.

Parameters:

  • x1 number relative destination x
  • y1 number relative destination y
  • x2 number handle 1 x
  • y2 number handle 1 y
  • x3 number handle 2 x
  • y3 number handle 2 y
Screen.close ()
close current path.
Screen.stroke ()
stroke current path. uses currently selected color.
Screen.fill ()
fill current path. uses currently selected color.
Screen.text (str)
draw text (left aligned). uses currently selected font.

Parameters:

Screen.text_rotate (x, y, str, degrees)
draw text (left aligned) and rotated. uses currently selected font.

Parameters:

  • x number x position
  • y number y position
  • str string : text to write
  • degrees number : degrees to rotate
Screen.text_right (str)
draw text, right aligned. uses currently selected font

Parameters:

Screen.text_center (str)
draw text, center aligned. uses currently selected font.

Parameters:

Screen.text_center_rotate (x, y, str, degrees)
draw text, center aligned, and rotated. uses currently selected font.

Parameters:

  • x number x position
  • y number y position
  • str string : text to write
  • degrees number : degress to rotate
Screen.text_extents (str)
calculate width of text. uses currently selected font.

Parameters:

  • str string : text to calculate width of
Screen.font_face (index)
select font face.

Parameters:

  • index font face (see list)

    1 04B_03 (norns default) 2 ALEPH 3 Roboto Thin 4 Roboto Light 5 Roboto Regular 6 Roboto Medium 7 Roboto Bold 8 Roboto Black 9 Roboto Thin Italic 10 Roboto Light Italic 11 Roboto Italic 12 Roboto Medium Italic 13 Roboto Bold Italic 14 Roboto Black Italic 15 VeraBd 16 VeraBI 17 VeraIt 18 VeraMoBd 19 VeraMoBI 20 VeraMoIt 21 VeraMono 22 VeraSeBd 23 VeraSe 24 Vera 25 bmp/tom-thumb 26 creep 27 ctrld-fixed-10b 28 ctrld-fixed-10r 29 ctrld-fixed-13b 30 ctrld-fixed-13b-i 31 ctrld-fixed-13r 32 ctrld-fixed-13r-i 33 ctrld-fixed-16b 34 ctrld-fixed-16b-i 35 ctrld-fixed-16r 36 ctrld-fixed-16r-i 37 scientifica-11 38 scientificaBold-11 39 scientificaItalic-11 40 ter-u12b 41 ter-u12n 42 ter-u14b 43 ter-u14n 44 ter-u14v 45 ter-u16b 46 ter-u16n 47 ter-u16v 48 ter-u18b 49 ter-u18n 50 ter-u20b 51 ter-u20n 52 ter-u22b 53 ter-u22n 54 ter-u24b 55 ter-u24n 56 ter-u28b 57 ter-u28n 58 ter-u32b 59 ter-u32n 60 unscii-16-full.pcf 61 unscii-16.pcf 62 unscii-8-alt.pcf 63 unscii-8-fantasy.pcf 64 unscii-8-mcr.pcf 65 unscii-8.pcf 66 unscii-8-tall.pcf 67 unscii-8-thin.pcf

Screen.font_size (size)
set font size.

Parameters:

  • size number in pixel height.
Screen.pixel (x, y)
draw single pixel (requires integer x/y, fill afterwards).

Parameters:

  • x number position
  • y number position
Screen.display_png (filename, x, y)
display png.

Parameters:

  • filename
  • x number x position
  • y number y position
Screen.peek (x, y, w, h)
get a rectangle of screen content. returned buffer contains one byte (valued 0 - 15) per pixel, i.e. w * h bytes

Parameters:

  • x number x position
  • y number y position
  • w number width, default 1
  • h number height, default 1
Screen.poke (x, y, w, h, s)
set a rectangle of screen content. expected buffer contains one byte (valued 0 - 15) per pixel, i.e. w * h bytes

Parameters:

  • x number x position
  • y number y position
  • w number width
  • h number height
  • s string screen content to set
Screen.rotate (radians)
rotate

Parameters:

  • radians number
Screen.translate (x, y)
move origin position

Parameters:

  • x number position x
  • y number position y
Screen.save ()
save
Screen.blend_mode (index)
change screen blending mode.

Parameters:

  • index number/string blending mode (see list), strings are case-insensitive, include '_' between words

    more info at https://www.cairographics.org/operators/

    there are other operators available, see the above link or use tab.print(screen.BLEND_MODES) in the REPL for the full list.

    0 Over (default)

    1 XOR: clears any overlapping pixels.

    2 Add: adds together the alpha (brightness) of overlapping pixels.

    3 Multiply: multiplies the colors of overlapping pixels, the result is always darker than the two inputs.

    4 Screen: the colors of overlapping pixels are complemented, multiplied, then their product is complimented. the result is always lighter than the two inputs.

    5 Overlay: multiplies colors if destination pixel level is >= 8, screens colors if destination pixel level is < 8.

    6 Darken: keeps the darker value of overlapping pixels.

    7 Lighten: keeps the lighter value of overlapping pixels.

    8 Color_Dodge: brightens pixels being drawn over.

    9 Color_Burn: darkens pixels being drawn over.

    10 Hard_Light: multiplies colors if source pixel level is >= 8, screens colors if source pixel level is < 8.

    11 Soft_Light: uses Darken or Lighten depending on the color of the source pixel.

    12 Difference: the result is the absolute value of the difference of the destination and source pixels.

    13 Exclusion: similar to Difference, but has lower contrast.

Usage:

  • -- number vs. string input
    screen.blend_mode(0)
    screen.blend_mode('over')
  • -- case-insensitivity
    screen.blend_mode('hard_light')
    screen.blend_mode('hArD_lIgHt')
    screen.blend_mode('HARD_LIGHT')
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